Eudora Welty House and Gardens
Eudora Welty House and Gardens
|Address||1119 Pinehurst Street
Jackson, MS 39202
|Hours of Operation||Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Tours available Tuesday through Friday.
The garden at the Eudora Welty house, “my mother’s garden,” was a labor of love designed and created in 1925 by Chestina Welty. Today it remains a labor of love for garden restoration consultant Susan Haltom and a committed core of volunteers. These women, who have named themselves “The Cereus Weeders” in honor of Welty’s beloved night blooming cereus, have carefully restored the garden to the 1925-1945 period when Eudora Welty worked at her mother’s side planting, watering, and weeding.
In a conversation with Haltom prior to the restoration, Welty expressed her views of gardening and creativity: “I think that people have lost the working garden. We used to get down on our hands and knees. The absolute contact between hand and the earth, the intimacy of it, that is the instinct of a gardener. People like to classify, categorize, and that takes away from creativity. I think the artist – in every sense of the word – learns from what’s individual; that’s where the wonder expresses itself.”
When visitors tour the garden today, a sense of wonder is visible again as women are on their hands and knees planting, watering, and weeding to maintain this 20th century garden as authentically as possible. The garden winds through three-quarters of an acre in the historic Belhaven neighborhood. Restored with heirloom plants, it is typical of the regional style of the day with garden “rooms” and defined areas separated by arbors and trellises.
As designed by Chestina, the garden plan insured that something would be in bloom each season. Camellias and pansies abound in winter; spring brings larkspur, hollyhocks, and snapdragons followed by summer phlox, zinnias, and blue salvia, ending with fall asters, chrysanthemums, and spider lilies. Roses, Chestina’s favorite, climb over trellises and fences in the lower garden.
Surrounded by bamboo, the Woodland garden was the last to be restored. Three stalks of bamboo planted in 1925 by Mrs. Welty eventually “claimed” this area planted with flora that grew naturally in the woods of Mississippi. In the 1960s, the clubhouse fell into disrepair and was eventually torn down. Today the bamboo has been cleared and a replica of a clubhouse built by Edward and Walter Welty has been constructed from photographs of the original. The Woodland Garden is again the natural haven it was for the Welty family.
Everywhere she looked, Eudora Welty took note of details – of plants and birds, of trees and light. These details found their way into her stories, becoming emblematic and richly suggestive. With the restoration of the garden, visitors experience the world Welty so closely observed for the 75 years she lived at 1119 Pinehurst Street.
The story of the Welty garden is beautifully captured in One Writer’s Garden: Eudora Welty’s Home Place by Susan Haltom and Jane Roy Brown, with photographs by Langdon Clay (University Press of Mississippi). Many of the garden photographs featured here are found in this lovely book.
About the Camellia Collection
Total number of camellia plants: 41
Number of distinct camellia cultivars or species: 36
Camellia japonicas bloom underneath Eudora’s bedroom window. Second shrub from left is the variety ‘Lady Clare’, a name she gave to a character in her novel Delta Wedding.
Camellias figured prominently in The Optimist's Daughter, as "Laurel's eye travelled among the urngs that marked the graves of the McKelvas and saw the favorite camellia of her father's, the old-fashioned Chandlerii Elegans, that he had planted on her mother's grave—big now as a pony, saddled with unplucked bloom living and dead, standing on a fading carpet of its own flowers."